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The A to Z Availability List      The Thyme Table    The Lovely Lavender List

Gardening With Deer      Butterfly Food Plants

Native Plant / Wildflower Description & Availability

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The A to Z List

Plants listed in GREEN are considered herbal. More plants will be listed soon.

Annual These plants bloom and die in one year outside.                                                                                                                                
Self-sowing Annual Self-sowing Annual - These plants follow the same cycle as an annual, but will drop seeds fornew plants the following year.                   
Biennial Biennial -These plants follow a  two year cycle with a rosette of leaves the first year, then blooming and dying the second, but usually drop many seeds.
Hardy Perennial Hardy Perennial - These plants will survive winter outside and grow a number of years. Some will die back to the ground and regrow.
Tender Perennial Tender Perennial - These plants generally won't survive an outside winter in our area but usually may be potted and brought inside.

These plants like it bright Partly sunny preferred No direct sunlight needed Good for cooking Recommended for your health Candy for your nose Attracts butterflies Hummingbird food
Full Sun Part Shade Full Shade Culinary Medicinal Fragrant Butterfly Hummingbird
Deer don't like these Good for tea!
Resistant Tea


Anise hyssop

Agastache foeniculum

Click To View

Hardy Perennial/Biennial - Licorice fragrance and taste

Full Sun     Part Shade    smshade.gif (1146 bytes)    Fragrant    Tea    Butterfly     Deer Resistant

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Mentha rotundifolia

Click To View

Hardy Perennial

Full Sun     Part Shade    Tea    Culinary     Deer Resistant

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Ocimum basilicum

Click To View

Annual - several varieties available

Full Sun   Culinary

Bay Laurel

Laurus nobilis

Click To View

Tender Perennial - use fresh!

Part Shade    Culinary

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Bee Balm

Monarda species

Click To View

Hardy Perennial - many colors available

Full Sun   Part Shade   Tea     Medicinal    Butterfly    Hummingbird     Deer Resistant

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Borago officinalis

Self-sowing Annual - Fuzzy, cucumber flavor, edible blue flowers

    Part Shade    Medicinal    Culinary

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Burnet, Salad

Poterium sanguisorba

Hardy Perennial - cucumber flavor, evergreen

    Full Sun    Part Shade    Culinary

Not This Year
Butterfly Weed

Asclepias tuberosa

Click To View

Hardy Perennial - dry tolerant

Full Sun   Butterfly   Deer Resistant

Sold Out

Nepeta cataria

Click To View


Full Sun    Part Shade    Medicinal    Tea    Deer Resistant
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Chamomile, German

Matricaria camomilla

Annual - use flowers for soothing tea, fresh or dried

Full Sun   Tea    Deer Resistant    Medicinal

Sold Out
Chamomile, Roman

Anthemis nobilis

Hardy Perennial - used mostly for fragrant ground cover

Full Sun   Tea    Deer Resistant    Fragrant

Not This Year


Perennial - Onion flavor, edible blooms

Full Sun    Culinary    Deer Resistant
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Chocolate Mint

Mentha piperita spp.

Click To View Hardy Perennial

Full Sun     Part Shade    Fragrant    Deer Resistant


Coriandrum sativum

Click To View Annual - seed is coriander

Full Sun     Culinary

Sold Out

Symphytum officinale

Click To View Hardy Perennial - grows well in clay

Full Sun     Part Shade    Medicinal

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Garden Sage

Salvia officinalis

Click To View

Hardy Perennial - several varieties

Full Sun   Butterfly   Culinary    Medicinal    Deer Resistant

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Garlic Chives

Click To View

Perennial - garlic flavor, self sows

Full Sun    Part Shade    Culinary    Deer Resistant

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Teucrium chamaedrys

Hardy Perennial - evergreen sub-shrub, rose-colored flowers

Full Sun   Butterfly   Medicinal    Deer Resistant

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Greek Oregano

Oreganum heracleoticum

Click To View Hardy Perennial - the strongest oregano

Full Sun     Culinary    Deer Resistant

Not This Year

Hyssopus officinalis

Hardy Perennial - evergreen sub-shrub, strong flavor

Full Sun     Culinary   Deer Resistant   Medicinal    Butterfly

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Italian Oregano

Perennial - good oregano flavor

Full Sun    Culinary    Deer Resistant 

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Kentucky Colonel Mint

Mentha spicata

Click To View Hardy Perennial

Full Sun     Tea    Culinary    Deer Resistant

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Lavandula species

Click To View

Hardy/Tender Perennial - many varieties (see list)

Full Sun   Butterfly   Fragrant     Culinary   Deer Resistant

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Lemon Balm

Melissa officinalis

Click To View Hardy Perennial - self sowing

Full Sun     Part Shade    Tea    Culinary    Medicinal    Deer Resistant

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Lemon Verbena

Aloysia triphylla

Click To View

Tender Perennial - winter inside, deciduous

Full Sun   Fragrant   Culinary    Deer Resistant

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Perennial - strong celery flavor

Part Shade    Culinary    Butterfly
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Althaea officinalis

Hardy Perennial - grows very tall

Full Sun   Part Shade   Medicinal     Hummingbird   Deer Resistant

On Request

Petrocelinum crispum

Annual/Biennial - use fresh, loaded with vitamins, 2 kinds

Full Sun     Part Shade    Culinary    Butterfly

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Mentha piperita

Click To View Hardy Perennial

Full Sun     Part Shade    Tea    Culinary    Medicinal    Deer Resistant

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Perilla frucsens

Self-sowing Annual - Japanese/Red shiso, Burgandy foliage

Full Sun     Part Shade    smshade.gif (1146 bytes)    Culinary    Deer Resistant

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Prickly Pear (eastern)

Opuntia compressa

Click To View

Hardy Perennial, vigorous ground cover

Full Sun    Butterfly    Deer Resistant

On Request

Rosmarinus officinalis

Click To View

Tender/Hardy Perennial

Full Sun   Fragrant   Culinary    Medicinal    Deer Resistant

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Ruta graveolens

Hardy Perennial

Full Sun   Butterfly   Fragrant     Deer Resistant

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Sage, Pineapple

Salvia 'elegans'

Tender Perennial - pineapple fragrance, red tubular flowers

Full Sun   Butterfly   Fragrant     Deer Resistant    Culinary    Hummingbird

Not This Year
Savory, Winter

Satureja montana

Hardy Perennial- peppery flavor, white blooms

Full Sun   Deer Resistant     Culinary

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mentha spicata

Click To View Hardy Perennial

Full Sun     Part Shade    Tea    Culinary     Deer Resistant

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Swamp Milkweed

Asclepias incarnata

Click To View

Hardy Perennial

Full Sun    Part Shade     Butterfly     Deer Resistant

Sold Out
Sweet Annie

Artemisia annua

Self-sowing Annual - great for wreaths, self-sows wildly

Full Sun    Fragrant    Deer Resistant

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Sweet Woodruff

Perennial - May wine

Part Shade    Part Shade    Deer Resistant

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Tarragon, French

Artemesia dracunculus

Hardy Perennial - does not set seed, strong when used fresh

Full Sun   Culinary    Deer Resistant

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Tanacetum vulgare

Click To View

Hardy Perennial - ant repellent, yellow blooms, invasive

Full Sun   Deer Resistant

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Thymus species

Click To View

Hardy Perennial

Full Sun   Part Shade   Butterfly     Fragrant   Medicinal    Culinary     Deer Resistant

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Valeriana officinalis

Click To View Hardy Perennial

Full Sun     Medicinal    Fragrant

Sold Out
Wild Columbine

Aquilegia canadensis

Click To View

Hardy Perennial

Full Sun   Part Shade   Deer Resistant

Not This Year

Achillea millefollium

Click To View

Hardy Perennial - several varieties available

Full Sun   Medicinal    Deer Resistant

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The Thyme Table

Variety Growth Habit Type/Use Comment Availability
Caraway Thyme Creeping Culinary Not This Year
Doone Valley Creeping Mild lemon Very Cute Yes
English Wedgewood Spreading Culinary Robust plant Yes
English Bush Culinary Traditional Favorite Yes
Hi-ho Silver Spreading Culinary Beautiful Yes
Lavender Thyme Low bush Fragrance Yes
Lemon (plain) Spreading Culinary Great lemon flavor Yes
Lemon (variegated) Spreading Culinary Great lemon flavor Yes
Lime Spreading Culinary Lime and thyme flavor Yes
Mother of Thyme Creeping Culinary On Request
Orange Balsam Spreading Fragrance Andy's favorite Yes
Oregano Thyme Spreading Culinary Oregano substitute No
Pink Chintz Creeping Ornamental Great bloom No
White Moss Creeping Ornamental Bloom like snow Yes
Wooly Creeping Ornamental Cute; takes shade Yes

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The Lovely Lavender List

English lavenders are lavandulas and may be grown from seed. French lavenders are lavendins or lavandula x intermedia and must be grown from cuttings.

Plant size refers to height of foliage only.

Name of Cultivar Type Hardiness Average Size of Plant Flower Color Scent Flower Size and Quantity
Angustifolia or Vera English Very 18" Lavender blue Strong Medium & many
Munstead English Very 12" Lavender blue Good Small-Medium & many
Hidcote English Very 18" Purple Good Medium & many
Provence French Very 24" Lavender blue Strong Large & many
Dutch French Very 30" Pale lavender Good Small & many
Twickel Purple English Very 18" Purple Strong Large & many
Fringed French Poor 20" Lavender blue Good Large & few
"Grosso" Fat Spike French Very 18" Lavender blue Good Large & many
Downy ? Poor 20" Lavender blue Good Medium & some
Croxton's Wild English Good 20" Lavender blue Strong Large & many
Grappenhall English Very 48" Lavender Blue Good Large & many
Jean Davis English Very 18" Pale pink/white Ok Medium & some

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Gardening With Deer

(or "Plants They Don't Like")

Achillea - Yarrow


Aconitum - Monkshood Poisonous Perennial
Ageratum Annual
Alliums - Garlic, Chives, Wild Onion Perennial
Anaphalsis - Pearly Everlasting Perennial
Anchusa - Bugloss Perennial
Anemone - Japanese /   Grape-leafed Perennial
Artemisias - Wormwoods Perennial
Artemisia annua - Sweet Annie Annua
Aruncas - Goatsbeard Perennial
Asclepias tuberosa - Butterfly Weed Perennial
Astilbe Perennial
Calendula - Pot Marigold Annual
Clatha - Marsh Marigold Perennial
Centaurea montana - Mountain Bluet Perennial
Centaurea rutifolia - Dusty Miller Annual
Cimicifuga - Bugbane - Blk. Cohosh Perennial
Clematis Perennial
Convallaria - Lily of the Valley Perennial
Convolvulus - Morning Glory Perennial
Cosmos Annual
Delphinium Perennial
Dicentra - Bleeding Heart Perennial
Digitalis - Foxglove Poisonous Biennial

Euphorbia - Spurge


Geranium (not Pelargonium)


Gysophilia - Babies' Breath Perennial
Gladiolas Bulb
Helichrysum - Strawflower Annual
Hyacinths Bulb
Lantana - Trailing Type Annual
Lychnis - Maltese Cross Perennial
Lavender Perennial
Lunaria - Money Plant Biennial
Mertensia - Virginia Bluebells Perennial
Monarda - Bee Balm Perennial
Myositis - Forget-me-not Biennial
Narcissus - Daffodils and Jonquils Bulb
Physotegia - Obedient Plant Perennial
Pulmonaria - Lungwort Perennial
Ranunculus - Buttercup Perennial
Salvia - All Sage Varieties Perennial / Biennial
Stachys - Lamb's Ear and Betony Perennial
Stokesia Perennial
Thalictrum - Meadow Rue Perennial
Tradescantia - Spiderwort Perennial
Trillium Perennial
Veronica Perennial
Vinca Minor - Periwinkle Perennial

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Butterfly Food Plants

Black Swallowtail Queen Ann's Lace, Fennel, Parsley, Dill, Rue
Tiger Swallowtail, Viceroy, Red-spotted Purple, Mourning Cloak Willow
Clouded Sulfur Clover
Tawny Emperor, Hackberry Butterfly, Question Mark Hackberry
Common Wood Nymph Grasses
Silver Spotted Skipper Locust, Wisteria
Hummingbird Clearwing (dayflying moth) Honeysuckle
Monarch Milkweeds
Red Admiral, Mourning Cloak, Question Mark, Comma Stinging Nettle
Painted Lady Thistle, Hollyhock
American Painted Lady Daisies, Everlastings/Curry Plant, Beach Wormwood
Buckeye Snapdragons, Plantain
Fritillaries Violets, Borage
Sphinx Moths (Tobacco Hornworms) Tomatoes
Spicebush Swallowtail Spicebush, Sassafras
Various Large Moths Virginia Creeper

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Native Plants/Wildflowers

Botanical Name Common Name Origin Color Availability
Amsonia hubrechtii Blue Star Native Blue
Aquilegia canadensis Wild Columbine Native Red/Yellow

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi




Aronia arbutifolia

Red chokeberry


Tree - white

Aronia melanocarpa

Black Chokeberry


Tree - white

Asarum Canadense

Wild Ginger



Asclepias incarnata Swamp Milkweed Native Pink
Asclepias syriaca Common Milkweed Native Pale Pink
Asclepias tuberosa Butterfly Weed Native Orange
Baptisia australis Blue False Indigo Native Blue

Boltonia asteroides




Ceanothus americanua New Jersey Tea Native White
Chelone glabra




Clethra alnifolia

Sweet pepperbush



Coreopsis verticillata

Thread-leaf coreopsis



Cornus sericea

Redosier dogwood



Corydalis aurea

Golden corydalis



Echinacea purpurea Purple Coneflower Native Pink
Echium vulgaris Viper's Bugloss Alien Blue
Eupatorium fistosum Joe Pye Weed Native Mauve
Filipendula rubra Queen of the Prairie Native Pink

Hamamelis virginiana

Witch hazel



Hesperis matronalis Dame's Rocket Alien Lavender/Pink
Ilex glabra

Inkberry holly


Black berries

Ilex verticillata

 Winterberry holly


 Red berries

Itea virginiana

 Virginia sweetspire



Liatris spicata Gayfeather Native Fuschia
Lindera benzoin Spice Bush Native White
Lobelia scardinalis Cardinal Flower Native Red
Lobelia siphilitica Great Blue Lobelia Native Blue-violet
Monarda sp. Bee Balm Native 8 Different Glorious Colors!
Opunta compressa Prickly-pear Cactus Native Yellow
Phlox divaricata Woodland Phlox Native Lavender/Pink
Phlox glaberrima Smooth Phlox Native Lavender/Pink
Phlox maculatum Carolina Phlox Native White
Phlox paniculata Garden Phlox Not Sure Various

Physocarpus opulifolius

Eastern ninebark



Physotegia virginiana Obedient Plant Native Pink
Pycnanthemum incanum Hoary Mountain Mint Native White
Pycnanthemum Sp. Narrow-leafed Mountain Mint Native White
Rudbeckia hirta Black-eyed Susan Native Gold & Black
Rudbeckia laciniata

Cut-leaf coneflower



Salvia coccinea Texas Hummingbird Sage Native Red
Salvia lyrata Lyre-leaf Sage Native Lavender
Saponia officinalis Soapwort Alien Pale Pink
Verbascum blattaria Moth Mullein Not Sure Yellow
Verbascum thapsus Great Mullein Alien Yellow
Viburnum nudum

New York ironweed


Deep Fuschia

Viburnum prunifolium

 Possumhaw viburnum



Viburnum trilobum

 Blackhaw viburnum


 Black fruits

Viola labradorica

 Cranberry viburnum


 Red fruits

Viola labradorica Labrador Violet Native Violet

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